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Data reconstruction applications for IoT air pollution sensor networks using graph signal processing

TitleData reconstruction applications for IoT air pollution sensor networks using graph signal processing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsFerrer-Cid, P, Barcelo-Ordinas, JM, Garcia-Vidal, J
JournalJournal of Network and Computer Applications (JNCA, Elsevier)
Start Page103434
Date Published09/2022
KeywordsData fusion, Graph Signal Processing, IoT network, Low-cost sensors, Missing value imputation, Virtual sensing

The analysis of sensor networks for air pollution monitoring is challenging. Recent studies have demonstrated the ability to reconstruct the network measurements with graphs derived from the acquired data, thus describing the complex relationships between the sensors that compose the network. In this work, we propose a graph-based data reconstruction framework that can be used to carry out different post-processing applications that arise in real-world low-cost sensor deployments for air pollution monitoring. This data reconstruction framework first describes the relationships between the different network sensors by means of a graph learned from the measured data, and then a signal reconstruction model is superimposed to reconstruct sensor data. This methodology allows reconstructing sensor data to carry out missing value imputation, signal reconstruction at points where there are no physical sensors (virtual sensing), or data fusion. The results, using real data taken with an air pollution monitoring network including reference stations and low-cost sensors, show how this framework performs well for these applications compared to estimates obtained from individual sensors and task-specific state-of-the-art methods that are not able to deal with this necessary range of applications. In short, the results show the potential of using graphs, whose topology is based on the measurements taken, to calibrate and reconstruct signals in heterogeneous networks of low-cost air pollution sensors for a wide variety of applications.